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Shawnda Schroeder, PhD - Publications

  • Healing Our Protectors: Building Resilience Among Tribal Law Enforcement Officers Through Cultural Interventions
    This publication is a resource that serves behavioral health treatment providers in gaining a deeper understanding of post-traumatic stress disorder as a result of their work as a law enforcement officer.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Belgarde, L., Fox, L., Heitkamp, T.
    Date: May 2021
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Building Resilience Among Physical and Behavioral Healthcare Providers During a Global Health Pandemic
    This toolkit has been developed to encourage self-care and to assist in building resilience among physical and behavioral healthcare providers amidst the global health pandemic.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Ostmo, P., Landwehr, R., McLean, A., Heitkamp, T.
    Date: May 2021
    Type: Report
  • Student Connectivity in Online Programs: Role of the Nurse Faculty
    This article shares results of a survey exploring online student connectivity of graduate nurse practitioner students.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Shogren, M., Terras, K.
    Publication: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 17(3), 329-334
    Date: March 2021
    Type: Journal Article
  • Evaluation of SEAL!ND: School Year 2019-2020
    This report presents results of an evaluation on the North Dakota School-based Sealant Program (SEAL!ND). The evaluation team at the Center for Rural Health surveyed participating schools, interviewed SEAL!ND team members and additional stakeholders, and reviewed all available student data collected at the time of the dental screenings.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2020
    Type: Report
  • Impact and Reach of SEAL!ND: 2019-2020 School Year
    This brief reports the reach of the North Dakota Department of Health Oral Health Program's school-based sealant program (SEAL!ND). During the 2019-2020 school year, SEAL!ND provided preventive dental care to students in 80 schools throughout North Dakota.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • North Dakota School Personnel's Experience with SEAL!ND 2019-2020 School Year
    This brief describes the results of a survey among school personnel who participated in the school-based sealant program during the 2019-2020 school year. Overall schools were very happy with the program and were looking for assistance in better promoting the program in the future through social media, e-newsletters, and text messaging.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • North Dakota School-Based Sealant Programs: 2019-2020
    This infographic presents the reach of the North Dakota Schools-Based Sealant programs during the 2019-2020 school year. It illustrates the number of children receiving various preventive dental services in schools settings throughout the state.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • North Dakota Department of Health, Oral Health Program: Year Two Evaluation Report
    This report details the results of the evaluation on work completed by the North Dakota Department of Health Oral Health Program during year two of their grant with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Activities focused on community water fluoridation, statewide oral health surveillance, and implementation of a school-based sealant program (SEAL!ND).
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: November 2020
    Type: Report
  • The Role of Rural and Urban Geography and Gender in Community Stigma Around Mental Illness
    This article describes the role of gender and rural-urban living in perceptions about mental illness in North Dakota. Results are based off of a survey conducted in the fall of 2018; the survey was completed by 749 North Dakota residents.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Tan, C.M., Urlacher, B., Heitkamp, T.
    Publication: Health Education & Behavior
    Date: November 2020
    Type: Journal Article
  • Student Connectivity in Online Programs: Role of the Nurse Faculty
    This study explored the level of connectivity among online nurse practitioner students. The results indicate that nursing faculty must develop high-quality online learning environments with strong teaching methods. Universities should offer professional mentorship to transition nurse clinicians into successful online nurse educators.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Shogren, M., Terras, K.
    Publication: The Journal for Nurse Practitioners
    Date: November 2020
    Type: Journal Article
  • Strengthening Resilience: Promoting Positive School Mental Health Among Indigenous Youth
    The purpose of this toolkit is to provide tools for k-12 educators, administrators, and mental health treatment providers to better address the learning and behavioral health needs of Indigenous youth in a holistic manner.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Fox, L., Nielsen, S.
    Date: October 2020
    Type: Report
  • Brief: Evaluation of Medical-Dental Integration at the University of North Dakota Center for Family Medicine
    A brief review on the evaluation of the medical-dental integration program implemented by the North Dakota Department of Health Oral Health Program. The brief also offers a summary and recommendations for future medical-dental integration in North Dakota.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Evaluation Report: Medical-Dental Integration at the University of North Dakota Center for Family Medicine
    A full, comprehensive report on the evaluation of the medical-dental integration program implemented by the North Dakota Department of Health Oral Health Program. The report provider date on patient reach and medical resident and staff knowledge of oral health, and also offers a summary and recommendations for future medical-dental integration.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Report
  • Medical-Dental Integration Manual
    This manual is intended for North Dakota primary care and pediatric providers interested in improving the oral health of patients by integrating a registered dental hygienist into a medical care team. The content in the manual is specific to North Dakota, particularly for topics addressing billing, contracting, rules and regulations, and scope of dental hygiene practice.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Bopp, V., Schroeder, S., Kiefer, C.
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Report
  • Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center: Year Two Program Snapshot
    This snapshot provides program goals, reach, and measures impact of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center program in year two (August 15, 2019 - August 14, 2020).
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Terry, D., Helfand, B
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural Health Research: Gateway's Top Three Countdown
    The Rural Health Research Gateway is funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy with the primary purpose of sharing the work of the federally-funded Rural Health Research Centers. The annual website analytics offer a glimpse into the public's rural health research interests.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Student Rotations at a Federally Qualified Health Center
    This brief provides a summary of the clinical reach of the dental student rotations and the perceptions of both the participating dental students and FQHC dental team members.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: August 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Evaluation of Dental Student Rotations in North Dakota Federally Qualified Health Centers
    This report provides data on the clinical reach of this program and the perceptions of both the participating dental students and FQHC dental team members. The report presents findings from years one and two.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: August 2020
    Type: Report
  • Smiles for Life: Data Snapshot
    Smiles for Life is a comprehensive, online oral health curriculum designed to promote oral health for all age groups through high-quality educational resources. This infographic highlights the reach of Smiles for Life over the last 12 months.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Breigenzer, A., Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Pain Management in Dental Clinics, Emergency Rooms, and Primary Care Settings in North Dakota
    This fact sheet describes emergency room data and results from a survey among North Dakota dentists to better understand dental pain management, dentists' screening practices, and risk factors associated with and predictive of opioid prescribing behavior.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: June 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Farm Stress: Facts, Impact of COVID-19, and Resource and Training Needs of Mental Health Care Providers
    This brief shares feedback and data about farm stress, mental health implications, and COVID-19.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Clark, B., Holiday, E., Breigenzer, A., Johnson, S.
    Date: June 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • MHTTC Network: Addressing Mental Health Workforce Needs
    This document defines the mental health workforce and workforce development, identifies major needs of the mental health workforce, and highlights projects of the Mental Health Technology Transfer Center Network designed to address those needs.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Davidson, L., Schroeder, S.
    Date: June 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Mental Health Resources for K-12 Educators During COVID-19
    This product compiles all recent toolkits, guides, tip sheets, and infographics that have been developed by reputable sources to assist educators throughout the current health pandemic (COVID-19).
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Diers, L., Winfield, S.
    Date: April 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Mental Health Resources for Parents and Caregivers During COVID-19
    This product compiles all recent toolkits, guides, tip sheets, and infographics that have been developed by reputable sources to assist parents and caregivers throughout the current health pandemic (COVID-19).
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Diers, L., Winfield, S.
    Date: April 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Executive Summary: Mental Health Training and Technical Assistance Needs Among Probation and Parole Officers in Region 8
    This is an executive summary of the larger report, Mental Health Training and Technical Assistance Needs: Findings, Implications, and Summary of a Survey of Probation and Parole Officers in Region 8. The brief summarizes the mental health training needs of probation and parole officers in the six-state region and provides recommendations for future work.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Martinefski, D.
    Date: March 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • High Rates of Decay and Need for Dental Treatment Among American Indian and Alaska Native Kindergartners in North Dakota
    During the 2018-2019 school year, each of the 1,998 kindergartners enrolled in the 43 participating schools received a dental screening. This fact sheet describes the results of this screening and identified racial disparities.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: February 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • High Rates of Decay and Need for Dental Treatment Among Rural Kindergartners in North Dakota
    During the 2018-2019 school year, each of the 1,998 kindergartners enrolled in the 43 participating schools received a dental screening. This fact sheet describes the results of this screening and identified geographic disparities.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: February 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Medical - Dental Integration in North Dakota
    This fact sheet describes the reach, patients served, and the outcomes of a medical-dental integration model employed in the University of North Dakota's Center for Family Medicine in Bismarck. This integrated care model provides dental screenings, fluoride varnish application, dental referrals, and care coordination for patients in the primary care setting while also educating medical residents and direct care staff quarterly on the direct relationship between oral health and overall health.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: February 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Progress and Reach of the SEAL!ND Program: 2018-2019 School Year
    This fact sheet details the progress and reach of the North Dakota school-based dental sealant program through 2019.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: February 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Colorado Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of Colorado from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Mental Health Training and Technical Assistance Needs: Findings, Implications, and Summary of a Survey of Probation and Parole Officers in Region 8
    This report describes the results of a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8. The report includes an overall assessment, a presentation of training needs among rural and urban probation and parole officers, varied training needs between probation and parole, and state specific reports.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Martinefski, D.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Report
  • Montana Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of Montana from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • North Dakota Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of North Dakota from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Reach of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center School Based Program: Year One Snapshot
    This fact sheet provides an overview of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center's School Based Mental Health Program and the reach of the program in grant year one. The fact sheet describes the number of free, school-based mental health trainings held, school-based products developed, the number of people reached, and the participants' perceptions of these trainings. Grant year one includes August 15, 2018, through August 14, 2019.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Reach of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center: Year One Snapshot
    This fact sheet provides an overview of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center and the reach of the program in grant year one. The fact sheet describes the number of free mental health trainings held, products developed, number of people reached, and the participants' perceptions of these trainings. Grant year one includes August 15, 2018, through August 14, 2019.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • South Dakota Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of South Dakota from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Utah Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of Utah from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Wyoming Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of Wyoming from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Consortium's Strategic Plan to Address Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota
    This report identifies a strategic plan for addressing substance use disorder and opioid use disorder in rural North Dakota communities.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: September 2019
    Type: Report
  • Consortium's Sustainability Plan: Addressing Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota
    A requirement of the grant, the sustainability plan highlights key resources and commitment to sustain both the consortium and the activities outlined in the Consortium's Strategic Plan to Address Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: September 2019
    Type: Report
  • Consortium's Workforce Plan to Address Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota
    A requirement of the grant, the workforce plan addresses activities and existing programs in North Dakota addressing shortages in rural providers to serve those with substance use disorders.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Dickson, L., Bauman, S., Quinn, R., Knutson, S.
    Date: September 2019
    Type: Report
  • Dissemination of Rural Health Research: A Toolkit
    This toolkit aims to assist researchers with disseminating their work among diverse audiences, including health consumers, stakeholders, and policymakers at the local, state, and national levels. The toolkit provides descriptions for multiple modes of dissemination and includes discussion of the purpose of each product, which product is appropriate given the topic and audience, and how to develop each. Effective examples are also provided.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bauman, S.
    Date: August 2019
    Type: Report
  • Promoting Positive Mental Health in Rural Schools
    This resource from the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center aims to promote positive mental health in rural schools.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Heitkamp, T., Nielsen, S., Schroeder, S.
    Date: August 2019
    Type: Resource
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Healthcare Access and Status Among Rural Children
    More than half (56.6%) of all rural counties in the U.S. do not have a pediatrician, which can have a negative effect on the health status of rural children. This recap provides a summary of the research on pediatric health status, health outcomes, and access to care in rural areas.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Bauman, S., Schroeder, S.
    Date: August 2019
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage Among Rural Children
    This recap examines pediatric insurance coverage, poverty rates, and Medicaid enrollment by race/ethnicity in rural and urban communities. It also presents a summary of the research on the impact of coverage on rural access to care.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Bauman, S., Schroeder, S.
    Date: August 2019
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Rural Obstetric Services: Access, Workforce, and Impact
    This resource presents current hospital-based obstetric closure rates, characteristics of rural communities without and losing obstetric services, as well as the impact of limited access on maternal and child health.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: April 2019
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: State of Rural Women's Healthcare Utilization and Health Indicators
    Rural women face barriers to accessing preventive health screenings, mental health services, and maternal healthcare. This Recap provides a summary of the research one rural women's utilization of healthcare services, maternal substance use, and other health indicators.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Bauman, S. & Schroeder, S.
    Date: April 2019
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Training and Technical Assistance Needs: Findings from a Survey of Professionals Who Serve Individuals with Mental Illness in Region 8
    This report shows survey results that will inform the development of new products, training materials, and technical assistance requests.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T.
    Date: April 2019
    Type: Report
  • Measuring Stigma around Mental Illness in North Dakota
    Researchers collected data in North Dakota utilizing a nationally validated instrument for measuring stigma. This brief presents the results of the survey and implications for communities.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Tan, C.M.
    Date: March 2019
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Needs Assessment and Priority Setting to Address Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota
    This report provides a summary of the need for behavioral health and substance use disorder (SUD) services in rural North Dakota. The report includes a slide deck of behavioral health provider maps, data points, and a list of existing services in North Dakota addressing SUD. The slides were created to assist the consortium in development of strategic plan priorities.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bauman, S.
    Date: March 2019
    Type: Report
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Quality of Care in Rural Hospitals
    This recap looks at hospital quality-of-care measures and the difficulties of developing quality measures, especially for rural hospitals with low patient volumes.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Bauman, S., Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2019
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Fifth Biennial Report: Health Issues for the State of North Dakota, 2019
    Now in its fifth edition, the report is a detailed look at the status of health, healthcare delivery, and the healthcare workforce across the state. It is the most up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of these issues available anywhere, and is the result of a collaborative effort of the Center for Rural Health, the School, and the School's Advisory Council.
    Author(s): UND School of Medicine & Health Sciences
    Date: November 2018
    Type: Report
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Rural Communities: Age, Income, and Health Status
    While studies discuss the implications of income or age on health-seeking behavior, health status, access, or utilization of care, it is imperative to recognize what this means for older and lower-income rural communities. This recap identifies rural disparities in age, health status, and income.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: November 2018
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Care Utilization and Service Needs Among American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Elders: 2008 to 2017
    This article discusses dental care use and the services needed among American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian elders from 2008 to 2017.
    Project: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Adamsen, C., Ward, C.
    Publication: Journal of Aging and Health
    Date: September 2018
    Type: Journal Article
  • Dental Screenings and Daily Care for North Dakota Nursing Home Residents: A Promising Practice
    This fact sheet details North Dakota nursing home residents' dental status, federal and state law regarding their dental care, assessment of their dental care, and a guide for resident dental screening.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Screenings and Daily Care for Nursing Home Residents: A Promising Practice
    This fact sheet describes nursing home residents' dental status, federal law regarding their dental care, assessment of their dental care, and a guide for resident dental screening.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Evaluation of the Long Term Care Oral Health Program
    This fact sheet details assessments for long term care facilities participating in a mobile oral health program.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Fix, N.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Impact and Likelihood of Behavioral Health Workforce Interventions
    This report presents the results of a survey assessing the impact and likelihood of several behavioral health workforce interventions proposed for North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Vanderzanden, K.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Report
  • Standardized Dental Screening for New Nursing Home Residents: A Promising Practice Guide
    This guide provides a template for nursing home administrators and dental professionals to help ensure all nursing home residents, upon admission, have dental screenings done by dental professionals.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Fix, N.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Resource
  • Education, Income, and Employment and Prevalence of Chronic Disease Among American Indian/Alaska Native Elders
    Chronic disease studies have omitted analyses of the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) population, relied on small samples of AI/ANs, or focused on a single disease among AI/ANs. We measured the influence of income, employment status, and education level on the prevalence of chronic disease among 14,632 AI/AN elders. This article has also been included in a special collection for Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy titled, "PCD Collection: Eliminating Health Disparities: A Collection of Papers Dedicated to the Life and Work of Dr. Timothy Cunningham."
    Project: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
    Author(s): Adamsen, C., Schroeder, S., LeMire, S., Carter, P.
    Publication: Preventing Chronic Disease, 15(E37)
    Date: March 2018
    Type: Journal Article
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Opioid Use and Treatment Availability
    Examines opioid use in rural communities as well as the perceived need for and use of treatment for opioid use disorder.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2018
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Effects of Rural Hospital Closures
    From January 2005 to early November 2017, 124 rural hospitals in the U.S. closed. This resource provides a summary of the Rural Health Research Centers' most recent research on the effects of rural hospital closures.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Tamukong, D., Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Rural Hospital Closures
    From January 2005 to early November 2017, 124 rural hospitals in the U.S. closed. This resource provides a summary of the Rural Health Research Centers' most recent research on rural hospital closures.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Tamukong, D., Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Coverage for Nursing Home Residents
    Examines reimbursement opportunities for dental services at long-term care facilities.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: November 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Rural Behavioral Health
    Rural behavioral health issues are compounded by a lack of access to care, workforce shortages, reimbursement issues, and high rates of uninsured or underinsurance. This resource provides a summary of the Rural Health Research Centers' most recent research on behavioral health.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Tamukong, D., Schroeder, S.
    Date: November 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Identifying Variability in Patient Characteristics and Prevalence of Emergency Department Utilization for Mental Health Diagnoses in Rural and Urban Communities
    Patients needing behavioral healthcare can get more appropriate, cost-effective treatment if they are redirected from emergency departments (EDs). This study examined whether a larger proportion of rural versus urban patients went to went to EDs.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Peterson, M.
    Publication: The Journal of Rural Health
    Date: October 2017
    Type: Journal Article
  • Use of the Emergency Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse Among Women
    A study by the Rural Health Reform Research Center shows that women with mental health (MH) and substance abuse (SA) issues are putting a strain on emergency departments (EDs). This study helps identify trends among women in rural and urban communities who utilize the ED for MH/SA. The information can be used to help communities provide more relevant, appropriate, and less costly care.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Peterson, M., Jaeger, J.
    Date: July 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural and Urban Utilization of the Emergency Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse
    Utilizes data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's State Emergency Department Databases for seven states. Researchers explore, and describe in this brief, the use of the Emergency Department for mental health and substance abuse among Urban, Large Rural, Small Rural, and Isolated Small Rural residents.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Peterson, M.
    Date: June 2017
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Dental Practice Setting Influences Dentists' Attitudes toward Oral Health Access Solutions
    Examines the correlation between dentists' attitudes toward different oral health access solutions and the setting of the dental practice.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: May 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dentists' Feelings of Being Overworked Influence Attitudes toward Oral Health Access Solutions
    This fact sheet concludes that dentists who are overworked were less knowledgeable about different oral health access solutions than dentists that reported not being busy enough.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: May 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Years in Practice Influence Dentists' Attitudes toward Oral Health Access Solutions
    Analyzes the attitudes dentists have toward a variety of different oral health access solutions using a survey sent out to North Dakota dentists.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: May 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dentists' Knowledge, Support, and Participation in Proposed Dental Care Access Solutions: Results of the North Dakota Survey of Practicing Dentists
    Data Brief detailing knowledge, support, and participation of North Dakota dentists in proposed dental care access solutions. This product is complementary information to a series of fact sheets regarding oral health in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Fix, N.
    Date: April 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Community Health Centers Providing Dental Care to Disparate Populations in North Dakota
    This case study explores how Community Health Centers in North Dakota provide dental care to disparate populations, while also identifying opportunities to close the gap that exists in accessing oral healthcare.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Lee, J.
    Publication: American Journal of Medical Research, 4(1), 50-60
    Date: January 2017
    Type: Journal Article
  • Oral Health Among North Dakota Adults (18-64)
    Examines dental care utilization among adults ages 18 to 64 in North Dakota. Provides information on barriers to oral healthcare utilization.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Oral Health Among North Dakota Elderly
    Discusses oral healthcare utilization among the elderly in North Dakota, including those in nursing homes.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: October 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Oral Health Among North Dakota Medicaid Recipients
    Examines dental care utilization among Medicaid recipients in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: October 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Oral Health Programs in North Dakota
    Policy Brief detailing current oral health initiatives in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Fix, N.
    Date: October 2016
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Educating the Oral Health Workforce in North Dakota
    Discusses the educational background and training of the oral healthcare workforce in North Dakota, and provides information on the future need for additional oral health workforce.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: September 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Expanding the Dental Team in North Dakota
    Examines the use of Dental Therapists to meet the need for oral healthcare in North Dakota. Discusses dental accreditation, policy, licensing, training, education, and reimbursement for care in North Dakota. Also provides an overview of states that have implemented dental therapy.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: September 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Social Factors Affecting Pediatric Oral Health in North Dakota
    Identifies youth in North Dakota who do and do not have the appropriate knowledge and resources necessary to practice good oral hygiene. Discusses contributing factors to overall oral health, such as consumption of soda or sugary drinks, brushing habits, and access to oral healthcare supplies.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Pediatric Oral Health Disparities in North Dakota
    Examines oral health outcomes for children in North Dakota, such as cavities and rates of tooth decay.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Fluoride Varnish Application in Primary Care Settings
    Examines the use of fluoride varnish for pediatric patients in primary care, as well as awareness of fluoride varnish as a reimbursable service in the primary care setting.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dentists Providing Oral Healthcare to Long Term Care Residents: Survey Chartbook & Four North Dakota Case Studies
    The survey was to assist in identifying providers for case study, and to identify barriers to providing care in long term care facilities.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bright, P.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Report
  • Fluoride Varnish Application Among North Dakota Family Practice Physicians & Pediatricians: 2016 Chartbook
    Pediatricians and family practice physicians in North Dakota completed a survey to examine fluoride varnish application in clinical practices.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Ahmed, A.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Report
  • Oral Healthcare Service in North Dakota Community Healthcare Centers
    Examines dental health professional shortage areas in North Dakota, and provides recommendations for increasing access to care through community health centers.
    Author(s): Lee, J., Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Post-Assessment of the Long Term Care Oral Health Program: Aggregate Report
    Comprehensive report of North Dakota Long Term Care Facilities participating in the state's LTC Oral Health Program. Discusses aggregate results, identifies program successes and failures, as well as perceptions of the program from the perspective of administrative and direct care staff.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bright, P., Fix, N.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Report
  • Oral Healthcare in North Dakota Long Term Care Facilities
    Examines survey results of oral healthcare in long term care facilities throughout North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: June 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Workforce in Rural and Urban North Dakota
    Examines dental health workforce in both rural and urban North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: June 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Changing Population Health Policy: A Model for Identifying Health Needs and Recommendations to Improve Health Status
    Article describes an objective assessment of the oral health environment in North Dakota as a model in identifying needs and providing policy recommendations to improve health outcomes.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Publication: Population Health Management, 19(3), 216-223
    Date: June 2016
    Type: Journal Article
  • Oral Health Services and Barriers to Care in North Dakota Long Term Care Facilities: Chartbook
    Long term care facility staff completed a survey to identify current oral health practices, and barriers to providing oral healthcare to facility residents in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bright, P.
    Date: March 2016
    Type: Report
  • Exploring Rural and Urban Mortality
    Exploring Rural and Urban Mortality Differences examines the impact of rurality on mortality and explores regional differences in mortality rates. This study used a quantitative analysis approach drawing upon the data available from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) at CDC WONDER. Exploring Rural and Urban Mortality Differences contains visual aids which displays indicators of mortality rates by cause of death (multiple cause of death), age group, rural-urban status, region, and sex for populations 15 years of age and older cross-referenced to tables and statistical results.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Knudson, A., Meit, M., Tanenbaum, E., Brady, J., Gilbert, T., Klug, M., Arsen, E., Popat, S., Schroeder, S.
    Date: February 2016
    Type: Report
  • Perspectives of Rural Hospice Directors
    Examines hospice care within a rural context, including issues regarding regulations, finance/reimbursement, workforce, general rural issues, relationships with other organizations, and technology. Identifies concerns of hospice directors in rural settings.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Gibbens, B., Schroeder, S., Knudson, A. and Hart, G.
    Date: March 2015
    Type: Policy Brief
  • North Dakota Hospital Assessment: 2014 Chartbook
    This Chartbook presents the findings of the 2014 survey of hospitals in North Dakota. This resource does not provide analysis or discussion of the results, but instead, offers a graphic discourse on the current hospital environment in the state. Output includes aggregate data stratified by geographic region (Northwest, Northeast, Southeast, Southwest) and hospital type (CAH or tertiary).
    Projects: CAH Quality Network, Flex
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Hart, G., Gibbens, B., Dickson, L., Peterson, M. & Ahmed, A.
    Date: December 2014
    Type: Report
  • North Dakota Oral Health Report: Needs and Proposed Models, 2014
    Needs, outcomes, findings, and stakeholder recommendations from the 2014 assessment of oral health need and policy recommendations for North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Jonk, Y., Schuller, K., Hall, K., Hart, G., Gibbens, B.
    Date: December 2014
    Type: Report
  • North Dakota Oral Health Report: Needs and Proposed Models, 2014 Executive Summary
    Executive Summary for the full North Dakota Oral Health Report. Reviews the findings from the 2014 assessment of oral health in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Jonk, Y., Schuller, K., Hall, K., Hart, G., & Gibbens, B.
    Date: December 2014
    Type: Report
  • Hospice Workforce: An Annotated Review of the Literature
    Contains an annotated review of hospice workforce literature published between 2000 and 2013. Review was completed to assist in identifying hospice provider types for a hospice workforce study to be completed by the Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: November 2013
    Type: Report
  • Rural Hospice in the United States: A Review of the Literature
    Explores the current environment of rural hospice care in the United States. This review provides a discussion of the current structure of hospice services as well as a formal review of current (2000-2013) rural research on the topic.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: October 2013
    Type: Report
  • Rural Hospice in the United States: An Annotated Review of the Literature
    Contains an annotated review of hospice literature published between 2000 and 2013; specifically, resources that have addressed rural hospice care, access, and utilization. The presentation of information begins with an overview of hospice organizations and agencies cited most frequently in the literature along with a discussion of their most recent research.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: October 2013
    Type: Report
  • North Dakota Critical Access Hospital Quality Network's Implementation and Use of the Healthcare SafetyZone┬« Portal: April 2010-March 2011
    Describes the program's purpose, the role of the CAH Quality Network in the implementation of the Portal and use of the data, and summarizes the project's goals while highlighting the program's year-end progress. Presents the output data derived from the thirteen CAHs participating in the Portal.
    Project: CAH Quality Network
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Ward, J., & Miller, M.
    Date: June 2011
    Type: Report