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Journal Articles

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Wac'inyeya: Hope Among American Indian Youth
This article looks at what gives American Indian youth hope. The project included 56 rural tribal youth in focus groups across a Northern Plains reservation.
Author(s): Gray, J., Schrader, L., Isaacs, D., Smith, M., Bender, N.
Publication: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 26(2), 151-171
Date: September 2019
Suicidal Behaviors Among American Indian/Alaska Native Firefighters: Evidence for the Role of Painful and Provocative Events
This article examines suicide among American Indian/Alaska Native firefighters.
Author(s): Stanley, I., Hom, M., Gallyer, A., Gray, J., Joiner, T.
Publication: Transcultural Psychiatry
Date: May 2019
Trauma Caused by Injury or Abuse in Late Life: Experiences, Impacts, and the Federal Response
Discussion paper identifying resources that work to prevent injury and abuse in elders and help those who have experienced these tragedies deal with their ramifications.
Author(s): Iyengar, V., Link, G., Beatty, P., Boel, M., Crockett, C., DiCocco, C., Fink, D., Gray, J., LaCounte, C., Miller, A., Phillippi, M., Skowronski, S., Twomey, M., Williams, T.
Publication: National Academy of Medicine
Date: January 2019


Dental Care Utilization and Service Needs Among American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Elders: 2008 to 2017
This article discusses dental care use and the services needed among American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian elders from 2008 to 2017.
Author(s): Schroeder, S., Adamsen, C., Ward, C.
Publication: Journal of Aging and Health
Date: September 2018
Reworks: A Robust System Efficiency Measure
This article reports on the inaugural Australian-American system evaluation summit convened in Wyoming, focusing on the application of system evaluation theory.
Author(s): Renger, R., Keogh, B., Hawkins, A., Foltysova, J., Souvannasacd, E.
Publication: Evaluation Journal of Australasia
Date: September 2018
Education, Income, and Employment and Prevalence of Chronic Disease Among American Indian/Alaska Native Elders
Chronic disease studies have omitted analyses of the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) population, relied on small samples of AI/ANs, or focused on a single disease among AI/ANs. We measured the influence of income, employment status, and education level on the prevalence of chronic disease among 14,632 AI/AN elders. This article has also been included in a special collection for Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy titled, "PCD Collection: Eliminating Health Disparities: A Collection of Papers Dedicated to the Life and Work of Dr. Timothy Cunningham."
Author(s): Adamsen, C., Schroeder, S., LeMire, S., Carter, P.
Publication: Preventing Chronic Disease, 15(E37)
Date: March 2018


Identifying Variability in Patient Characteristics and Prevalence of Emergency Department Utilization for Mental Health Diagnoses in Rural and Urban Communities
Patients needing behavioral healthcare can get more appropriate, cost-effective treatment if they are redirected from emergency departments (EDs). This study examined whether a larger proportion of rural versus urban patients went to went to EDs.
Author(s): Schroeder, S., Peterson, M.
Publication: The Journal of Rural Health
Date: October 2017
Defining Systems to Evaluate System Efficiency and Effectiveness
Article focuses on the application of systems thinking, systems theory and systems evaluation theory (SET) in evaluating of modern day systems efficiency and effectiveness.
Author(s): Renger, R., Foltysova, J., Renger, J., Booze, W.
Publication: Evaluation Journal of Australasia, 17(3), 4-13
Date: August 2017
Evaluating System Cascading Failures
In the article, Renger and coauthors share methods used to evaluate system cascading failures.
Author(s): Renger, R., Foltysova, J., Ienuso, S., Renger, J., Booze, W.
Publication: Evaluation Journal of Austalasia, 17(2), 29-36
Date: June 2017
Being Smart about Writing SMART Objectives
Article discusses the issues that occur when baseline data is missing when using the mainstream SMART method for developing program objectives. Also offers guidance on delineating between different contexts when using the SMART method.
Author(s): Bjerke, M., Renger, R.
Publication: Evaluation and Program Planning, 61, 125-127
Date: April 2017
An Interprofessional Programme to Culturally Sensitise Students to the Needs of Patients and Realities of Practice in Rural Areas
The University of North Dakota programme, Students/residents Experiences And Rotations in Community Health (SEARCH), was implemented to address recruitment and retention problems and stereotypes associated with practicing in rural areas.
Author(s): Schuller, K., Amundson, M., McPherson, M., Halaas, G.
Publication: Journal of Interprofessional Care, 28, 1-3
Date: February 2017
Community Health Centers Providing Dental Care to Disparate Populations in North Dakota
This case study explores how Community Health Centers in North Dakota provide dental care to disparate populations, while also identifying opportunities to close the gap that exists in accessing oral healthcare.
Author(s): Schroeder, S., Lee, J.
Publication: American Journal of Medical Research, 4(1), 50-60
Date: January 2017


Illustrating the Evaluation of System Feedback Mechanisms using System Evaluation Theory (SET)
This article illustrates how system evaluation theory guided the evaluation of system feedback mechanisms within the cardiac care response systems of seven rural states.
Author(s): Renger, R.
Publication: Evaluation Journal of Australasia, 16(4), 14-20
Date: December 2016
Suggested Guidelines for Writing Reflective Case Narratives
Discusses the use of adult learning theory to restructure case narratives so as to increase their effectiveness as a resource for transferring knowledge, sharing ideas, and keeping a pulse on the dynamic and fluid process of evaluation.
Author(s): Becker, K., Renger, R.
Publication: American Journal of Evaluation
Date: August 2016
Process Flow Mapping for Systems Improvement: Lessons Learned
The article details how to conduct process flow mapping for systems improvement. The method and its importance are explained in the context of evaluating a cardiac care system.
Author(s): Renger, R., McPherson, M., Kontz-Bartels, T., Becker, K.
Publication: The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, 31(1)
Date: July 2016
Changing Population Health Policy: A Model for Identifying Health Needs and Recommendations to Improve Health Status
Article describes an objective assessment of the oral health environment in North Dakota as a model in identifying needs and providing policy recommendations to improve health outcomes.
Author(s): Schroeder, S.
Publication: Population Health Management, 19(3), 216-223
Date: June 2016
National Data Collection Efforts Pose Challenges for Many EMS Agencies
Rural EMS agencies face challenges in participating in national data collection efforts. The article presents the consequences of these challenges and propose some suggestions for EMS leadership when confronted with requests to participate in national data collection efforts. Note: Login is required.
Author(s): Renger, R., Qin, X., Rice, D., Foltysova, J., & Renger, J.
Publication: EMS Insider
Date: June 2016


System Evaluation Theory (SET): A Practical Framework for Evaluators to Meet the Challenges of System Evaluation
The article presents a guiding framework for evaluators to conduct systems evaluation: system evaluation theory (SET). The article defines systems, system theory, and system thinking, as well as discusses the confusion in evaluation literature surrounding the use of these terms. Three guiding principles for evaluating modern day systems are presented.
Author(s): Renger, R.
Publication: Evaluation Journal of Australasia, 15(4), 16-28
Date: December 2015
Assessment of Anxiety Among Northern Plains Indians
Article examines the reliability and validity of the Beck Anxiety Inventory by comparing scores among three different diagnostic categories.
Author(s): Gray, J., McCullagh, J., Petros, T.
Publication: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Date: November 2015
Food Security, Depression and Quality of Life in Northern Plains Indians
Article presents a research program designed with the objective of exploring the relationships between health disparities, high levels of poverty, and food insecurity in Native American and Alaskan Native communities.
Author(s): Gray, J.S., Gonzaga, K., Penland, J.G., Lukaski, H., and Stensland, P.
Publication: Journal of Indigenous Research, 4(2015), Article 3
Date: June 2015
Indicators of Buy-in to Gauge Evaluation Success
The article suggests a set of indicators of buy-in that novice evaluators can use to assess stakeholder engagement and responsiveness. It also showcases a tracking tool which serves as a systematic, responsive prompt to monitor buy-in.
Author(s): Becker, K., Renger, R., McPherson, M.
Publication: Evaluation Journal of Australasia, 15(2), 12-21
Date: June 2015
Conducting Community Health Needs Assessments in Rural Communities
Article addresses the lessons learned in conducting community health needs assessments and discusses the Rural Community Group Model for conducting assessments.
Author(s): Becker, Karin L.
Publication: Health Promotion Practice, 16(1), 15-19
Date: January 2015