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Behavioral Health Publications

  • Factors that Impact Food Security in Northern Plains American Indians
    This poster examines a number of factors that impact food security, from a study which looked at food security in the Northern Plains American Indians in the Midwest.
    Author(s): Gray, J., English, L., Petros, T.
    Date: August 2021
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • World Elder Abuse Awareness Day and Two Spirit Elderly
    This article looks at Elder abuse and Two Spirit elderly, and the connections between them.
    Project: National Indigenous Elder Justice Initiative
    Author(s): Gray, J.
    Publication: TSLGBTQ
    Date: June 2021
    Type: Journal Article
  • Healing Our Protectors: Building Resilience Among Tribal Law Enforcement Officers Through Cultural Interventions
    This publication is a resource that serves behavioral health treatment providers in gaining a deeper understanding of post-traumatic stress disorder as a result of their work as a law enforcement officer.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Belgarde, L., Fox, L., Heitkamp, T.
    Date: May 2021
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Building Resilience Among Physical and Behavioral Healthcare Providers During a Global Health Pandemic
    This toolkit has been developed to encourage self-care and to assist in building resilience among physical and behavioral healthcare providers amidst the global health pandemic.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Ostmo, P., Landwehr, R., McLean, A., Heitkamp, T.
    Date: May 2021
    Type: Report
  • Rumination and Quality of Life Among Northern Plains Indians
    This paper looks at the influence of rumination, a therapeutic mechanism, on the quality of life among Northern Plains Indians and mental health.
    Author(s): Isaacs, D.S., Tehee, M., Gray, J.
    Publication: Psychological Services
    Date: May 2021
    Type: Journal Article
  • Changes Due to Pandemic May Make NDBIN Conference Even More Accessible in Future
    The Mind Matters Conference returned in 2021 with a wealth of information for brain injury survivors as well as for their healthcare providers and caregivers.
    Project: North Dakota Brain Injury Network
    Author(s): Haugen, B.
    Publication: Focus on Rural Health
    Date: April 2021
    Type: Article
  • Behavioral Health Bridge Helps People Deal with Challenges of COVID-19
    The Behavioral Health Bridge is a free website developed to provide information for individuals experiencing common behavioral health conditions related to coping with stress and other behavioral health concerns related to COVID-19.
    Project: Behavioral Health Bridge
    Author(s): Pierce, J.
    Publication: Focus on Rural Health
    Date: January 2021
    Type: Article
  • The Role of Rural and Urban Geography and Gender in Community Stigma Around Mental Illness
    This article describes the role of gender and rural-urban living in perceptions about mental illness in North Dakota. Results are based off of a survey conducted in the fall of 2018; the survey was completed by 749 North Dakota residents.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Tan, C.M., Urlacher, B., Heitkamp, T.
    Publication: Health Education & Behavior
    Date: November 2020
    Type: Journal Article
  • Strengthening Resilience: Promoting Positive School Mental Health Among Indigenous Youth
    The purpose of this toolkit is to provide tools for k-12 educators, administrators, and mental health treatment providers to better address the learning and behavioral health needs of Indigenous youth in a holistic manner.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Fox, L., Nielsen, S.
    Date: October 2020
    Type: Report
  • Health Professional Shortage Area Scoring & Data Sources
    A fact sheet explaining the basic criteria and data used in scoring Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) for the primary care, mental health, and dental health disciplines.
    Project: Primary Care Office
    Author(s): North Dakota Primary Care Office
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center: Year Two Program Snapshot
    This snapshot provides program goals, reach, and measures impact of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center program in year two (August 15, 2019 - August 14, 2020).
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Terry, D., Helfand, B
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • CRH Continues Its Mission During COVID-19
    Center for Rural Health (CRH) staff help rural communities, healthcare facilities, and others navigate through COVID-19.
    Projects: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center, National Indigenous Elder Justice Initiative, National Resource Center on Native American Aging, North Dakota Brain Injury Network, Primary Care Office, Project ECHO, Rural Health Information Hub, Rural Health Research Gateway, Small Rural Hospital Improvement Program
    Author(s): Haugen, B.
    Publication: Focus on Rural Health
    Date: July 2020
    Type: Article
  • Dental Pain Management in Dental Clinics, Emergency Rooms, and Primary Care Settings in North Dakota
    This fact sheet describes emergency room data and results from a survey among North Dakota dentists to better understand dental pain management, dentists' screening practices, and risk factors associated with and predictive of opioid prescribing behavior.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: June 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Farm Stress: Facts, Impact of COVID-19, and Resource and Training Needs of Mental Health Care Providers
    This brief shares feedback and data about farm stress, mental health implications, and COVID-19.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Clark, B., Holiday, E., Breigenzer, A., Johnson, S.
    Date: June 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Introduction to the Special Issue: Advocacy in Public Service Settings
    This is an introduction to a special online issue of Psychological Services which describes the efforts to further behavioral health advocacy in public service settings.
    Author(s): Gray, J., Kaslow, N., Allbaugh, L.
    Publication: Psychological Services, 17(S1), 1-4
    Date: June 2020
    Type: Journal Article
  • MHTTC Network: Addressing Mental Health Workforce Needs
    This document defines the mental health workforce and workforce development, identifies major needs of the mental health workforce, and highlights projects of the Mental Health Technology Transfer Center Network designed to address those needs.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Davidson, L., Schroeder, S.
    Date: June 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Mental Health Resources for K-12 Educators During COVID-19
    This product compiles all recent toolkits, guides, tip sheets, and infographics that have been developed by reputable sources to assist educators throughout the current health pandemic (COVID-19).
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Diers, L., Winfield, S.
    Date: April 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Mental Health Resources for Parents and Caregivers During COVID-19
    This product compiles all recent toolkits, guides, tip sheets, and infographics that have been developed by reputable sources to assist parents and caregivers throughout the current health pandemic (COVID-19).
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Diers, L., Winfield, S.
    Date: April 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • SAMHSA Leader Talks Behavioral Health with CRH Staff
    Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration regional director visits with Center for Rural Health staff about behavioral health programs.
    Projects: Healthcare Workforce Group, Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center, National Indigenous Elder Justice Initiative, Project ECHO, Rural Health Information Hub, Rural Health Research Gateway, State Epidemiological Outcomes Workgroup
    Author(s): Haugen, B.
    Publication: Focus on Rural Health
    Date: April 2020
    Type: Article
  • Executive Summary: Mental Health Training and Technical Assistance Needs Among Probation and Parole Officers in Region 8
    This is an executive summary of the larger report, Mental Health Training and Technical Assistance Needs: Findings, Implications, and Summary of a Survey of Probation and Parole Officers in Region 8. The brief summarizes the mental health training needs of probation and parole officers in the six-state region and provides recommendations for future work.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Martinefski, D.
    Date: March 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Colorado Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of Colorado from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Mental Health Training and Technical Assistance Needs: Findings, Implications, and Summary of a Survey of Probation and Parole Officers in Region 8
    This report describes the results of a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8. The report includes an overall assessment, a presentation of training needs among rural and urban probation and parole officers, varied training needs between probation and parole, and state specific reports.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Martinefski, D.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Report
  • Montana Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of Montana from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • North Dakota Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of North Dakota from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Reach of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center School Based Program: Year One Snapshot
    This fact sheet provides an overview of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center's School Based Mental Health Program and the reach of the program in grant year one. The fact sheet describes the number of free, school-based mental health trainings held, school-based products developed, the number of people reached, and the participants' perceptions of these trainings. Grant year one includes August 15, 2018, through August 14, 2019.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Reach of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center: Year One Snapshot
    This fact sheet provides an overview of the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center and the reach of the program in grant year one. The fact sheet describes the number of free mental health trainings held, products developed, number of people reached, and the participants' perceptions of these trainings. Grant year one includes August 15, 2018, through August 14, 2019.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • South Dakota Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of South Dakota from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Utah Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of Utah from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Wyoming Probation and Parole: Mental Health Training Needs
    This fact sheet describes specific results for the state of Wyoming from a survey assessing the mental health training needs among probation and parole officers throughout U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Region 8.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Consortium's Strategic Plan to Address Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota
    This report identifies a strategic plan for addressing substance use disorder and opioid use disorder in rural North Dakota communities.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: September 2019
    Type: Report
  • Consortium's Sustainability Plan: Addressing Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota
    A requirement of the grant, the sustainability plan highlights key resources and commitment to sustain both the consortium and the activities outlined in the Consortium's Strategic Plan to Address Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: September 2019
    Type: Report
  • Consortium's Workforce Plan to Address Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota
    A requirement of the grant, the workforce plan addresses activities and existing programs in North Dakota addressing shortages in rural providers to serve those with substance use disorders.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Dickson, L., Bauman, S., Quinn, R., Knutson, S.
    Date: September 2019
    Type: Report
  • Promoting Positive Mental Health in Rural Schools
    This resource from the Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center aims to promote positive mental health in rural schools.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Heitkamp, T., Nielsen, S., Schroeder, S.
    Date: August 2019
    Type: Resource
  • Changing Times
    The Center for Rural Health is involved in 14 projects related to behavioral health.
    Author(s): Haugen, B.
    Publication: Focus on Rural Health
    Date: June 2019
    Type: Article
  • Suicidal Behaviors Among American Indian/Alaska Native Firefighters: Evidence for the Role of Painful and Provocative Events
    This article examines suicide among American Indian/Alaska Native firefighters.
    Author(s): Stanley, I., Hom, M., Gallyer, A., Gray, J., Joiner, T.
    Publication: Transcultural Psychiatry
    Date: May 2019
    Type: Journal Article
  • Training and Technical Assistance Needs: Findings from a Survey of Professionals Who Serve Individuals with Mental Illness in Region 8
    This report shows survey results that will inform the development of new products, training materials, and technical assistance requests.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T.
    Date: April 2019
    Type: Report
  • Measuring Stigma around Mental Illness in North Dakota
    Researchers collected data in North Dakota utilizing a nationally validated instrument for measuring stigma. This brief presents the results of the survey and implications for communities.
    Project: Mountain Plains Mental Health Technology Transfer Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Heitkamp, T., Tan, C.M.
    Date: March 2019
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Needs Assessment and Priority Setting to Address Opioid Use Disorder and Substance Use Disorder in Rural North Dakota
    This report provides a summary of the need for behavioral health and substance use disorder (SUD) services in rural North Dakota. The report includes a slide deck of behavioral health provider maps, data points, and a list of existing services in North Dakota addressing SUD. The slides were created to assist the consortium in development of strategic plan priorities.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bauman, S.
    Date: March 2019
    Type: Report
  • Saving Lives: North Dakota's Peer Support Specialist Naloxone Training Program Makes an Impact
    Peer support specialists are trained to use their experiences in recovery to help others.
    Author(s): Haugen, B.
    Publication: Focus on Rural Health
    Date: September 2018
    Type: Article
  • Impact and Likelihood of Behavioral Health Workforce Interventions
    This report presents the results of a survey assessing the impact and likelihood of several behavioral health workforce interventions proposed for North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Vanderzanden, K.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Report
  • Unmasking Brain Injury
    The results of brain injuries often can't be seen. Survivors, however, are finding their voices through the Unmasking Brain Injury project launched by the North Dakota Brain Injury Network.
    Project: North Dakota Brain Injury Network
    Author(s): Haugen, B.
    Publication: Focus on Rural Health
    Date: March 2018
    Type: Article
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Opioid Use and Treatment Availability
    Examines opioid use in rural communities as well as the perceived need for and use of treatment for opioid use disorder.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2018
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Rural Behavioral Health
    Rural behavioral health issues are compounded by a lack of access to care, workforce shortages, reimbursement issues, and high rates of uninsured or underinsurance. This resource provides a summary of the Rural Health Research Centers' most recent research on behavioral health.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Tamukong, D., Schroeder, S.
    Date: November 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Telebehavioral Health in North Dakota: 2017
    This report provides an overview of the telebehavioral health services that exist within North Dakota.
    Author(s): Dickson, L., Besse, R.
    Date: October 2017
    Type: Report
  • Use of the Emergency Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse Among Women
    A study by the Rural Health Reform Research Center shows that women with mental health (MH) and substance abuse (SA) issues are putting a strain on emergency departments (EDs). This study helps identify trends among women in rural and urban communities who utilize the ED for MH/SA. The information can be used to help communities provide more relevant, appropriate, and less costly care.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Peterson, M., Jaeger, J.
    Date: July 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural and Urban Utilization of the Emergency Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse
    Utilizes data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's State Emergency Department Databases for seven states. Researchers explore, and describe in this brief, the use of the Emergency Department for mental health and substance abuse among Urban, Large Rural, Small Rural, and Isolated Small Rural residents.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Peterson, M.
    Date: June 2017
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Mind Matters
    North Dakota is home to the unique annual Mind Matters Conference on brain injury that brings together both healthcare professionals and patients.
    Project: North Dakota Brain Injury Network
    Author(s): Massmann, N.
    Publication: Focus on Rural Health
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Article
  • Assessment of Anxiety Among Northern Plains Indians
    Article examines the reliability and validity of the Beck Anxiety Inventory by comparing scores among three different diagnostic categories.
    Author(s): Gray, J., McCullagh, J., Petros, T.
    Publication: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
    Date: November 2015
    Type: Journal Article
  • Food Security, Depression and Quality of Life in Northern Plains Indians
    Article presents a research program designed with the objective of exploring the relationships between health disparities, high levels of poverty, and food insecurity in Native American and Alaskan Native communities.
    Author(s): Gray, J.S., Gonzaga, K., Penland, J.G., Lukaski, H., and Stensland, P.
    Publication: Journal of Indigenous Research, 4(2015), Article 3
    Date: June 2015
    Type: Journal Article
  • The 2014 Update of the Rural-Urban Chartbook
    The Chartbook presents information on population demographics, health-related behaviors and risk factors, age-specific and cause-specific mortality, access to care, health insurance coverage, mental health, and other health-related topics for U.S. residents across levels of rural and urban status. The data presented in this new Chartbook were collected prior to implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), providing baseline measurements for key aspects of health from which to measure future ACA-associated changes. Individual data tables are available in an Excel file.
    Project: Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center
    Author(s): Meit, M., Knudson, A., Gilbert, T., Tzy-Chyi Yu, A., Tanenbaum, E., Ormson, E., TenBroeck, S., Bayne, A., Popat, S., & NORC Walsh Center for Rural Health Analysis
    Date: October 2014
    Type: Report
  • Follow-up Discussion Regarding Mental Healthcare in Indian Country
    Follow-up discussion from April 8, 2014 meeting with Sen. Heitkamp, Megan DesCamps and Alison Grigonis regarding mental healthcare in Indian country.
    Project: National Indigenous Elder Justice Initiative
    Author(s): Gray, J.
    Date: May 2014
    Type: Testimony
  • Improvements to Mental Health Services and Outcomes in Indian Country
    Follow-up discussion from April 8, 2014 meeting with Sen. Heitkamp, Megan DesCamps and Alison Grigonis regarding mental healthcare in Indian country.
    Author(s): Gray, J.
    Date: May 2014
    Type: Other
  • Testimony to the Indian Health Services Appropriations
    Dr. Gray provided testimony on behalf of the Friends of Indian Health to the subcommittee on interior, environment, and related agencies.
    Author(s): Gray, J.
    Date: April 2014
    Type: Testimony
  • Seven Generations Center of Excellence: Building THIS Generation for Future Generations
    UND awarded $3.5 million to educate Native American behavioral health professionals.
    Author(s): Morin, K.
    Publication: North Dakota Medicine, 37(3), 18-19
    Date: September 2012
    Type: Article
  • The Interrelationship Between the Society of Indian Psychologists and Counseling Psychology
    This article examines the interrelationship between SIP and counseling psychology, given their shared beliefs in social justice and culturally competent research, training, and service. Some of the early history of SIP is presented as well as the landmark moments for the organization.
    Project: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
    Author(s): Gray, J., Carter, P., LaFromboise, T., BigFoot, D.
    Publication: The Counseling Psychologist, 40(5), 685-698
    Date: June 2012
    Type: Journal Article
  • Cultural Adaptation for Therapy With American Indians and Alaska Natives
    Because of the paucity of research on evidence-based treatments with American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) clients, this article addresses barriers to that research and how to adapt treatment to make it more culturally appropriate and acceptable to AI/AN clients so they might benefit from and remain in treatment.
    Author(s): Gray, J., & Rose, W.
    Publication: Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 40
    Date: April 2012
    Type: Journal Article
  • Rural Mental Health Research White Paper for National Institute of Mental Health
    This report focused on the nature of rural mental health research, issues in rural mental health, and future areas for research addressing the needs and disparities in rural mental health. These topics are focused on four general areas — Access, Quality, Healthcare Reform, and Disparities.
    Author(s): Gray, J.
    Date: September 2011
    Type: Report
  • Circles of Strength: A Case Description of Culturally Integrated Suicide Prevention
    This article presents a case description of an American Indian female at high risk for suicide in effort to document the potential effectiveness of a college student suicide prevention program designed for Northern Plains American Indian students.
    Author(s): Gray, J.S., & Muehlenkamp, J.J.
    Publication: Archives of Suicide Research, 14, 182-191
    Date: 2010
    Type: Journal Article
  • A College Suicide Prevention Model for American Indian Students
    This article outlines the model developed for the American Indian Support Team from funding through the Garrett Lee Smith Campus Suicide Prevention Grant funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration to focus on reducing suicide risk of American Indian students at the University of North Dakota.
    Author(s): Muehlenkamp, J.J., Marrone, S., Gray, J.S., & Brown, D.
    Publication: Professional Psychology: Research and Practice , 40(2), 134-140
    Date: 2009
    Type: Journal Article
  • Alcohol, Tobacco, and Illicit Drug Consumption and Consequences in North Dakota: The North Dakota Epidemiological Profile, 2007
    The report examines the prevalence and patterns of substance (alcohol, tobacco and other drug) use and consequences in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Muus, K., Gray, J., & the State Epidemiological Outcomes Workgroup
    Date: March 2007
    Type: Report
  • Suicide in North Dakota: A Dialogue Across State and Tribal Boundaries
    Discusses factors associated with suicide, suicide trends in North Dakota, and prevention strategies.
    Author(s): Kruger, G., & Gray, J.
    Date: October 2005
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Zinc Affects Cognition and Psychosocial Function of Middle-School Children
    This study investigated the effects of dietary zinc intakes on cognition and psychosocial function in young adolescents. Zinc nutrition has been related to motor, cognitive and psychosocial function in very young children and adults, but there have been no studies of older children who may be at risk of zinc deficiency while undergoing rapid growth during puberty.
    Author(s): Penland, J.G., Lukaski, H.C., & Gray, J.S.
    Publication: The FASEB Journal, 19(5), A973
    Date: March 2005
    Type: Journal Article
  • The Indian Healthcare Improvement Act: Implications for North Dakota Tribes
    Policy brief providing an overview of healthcare issues facing American Indians in North Dakota, with discussion of the impact of the Indian Healthcare Improvement Act.
    Project: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
    Author(s): McDonald, F.
    Date: November 2004
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Depression in Northern Plains Indians is Associated with Physical Health and Fitness, Dietary Intakes, Food Insecurity and Cultural Identification
    This study examined the relationships between depression and physical health and fitness, dietary intakes, food insecurity and cultural identification among Northern Plains American Indians.
    Author(s): Penland, J.G., Gray, J.S., Lambert, P., Gonzalez, J., Wilson, E.L., & Lukaski, H.C.
    Publication: The FASEB Journal, 18(4), A516
    Date: March 2004
    Type: Journal Article
  • Zinc Fortification and Cognitive and Psychosocial Function in Young Adolescents
    This study investigated the effects of zinc fortification on these functions in young adolescents. Previous studies have related zinc nutrition to motor, cognitive and psychosocial function in very young children and adults, but there have been no studies of older children.
    Author(s): Penland, J.G., Lukaski, H.C., & Gray, J.S.
    Publication: The FASEB Journal, 17(5), A1087
    Date: March 2003
    Type: Journal Article