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Oral Health Publications

  • Blood Pressure Screening at Your Dental Office
    This infographic shows the importance of checking a patient's blood pressure at a dental appointment.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Farfan Cruela, V.
    Date: August 2021
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Sealants
    This infographic illustrates why dental sealants are important for oral health of children.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Farfan Cruela, V.
    Date: August 2021
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Follow-Up for Hypertension
    This infographic shows why high blood pressure can raise the risk of heart disease and stroke, why to follow up with a doctor, and tips for maintaining healthy blood pressure.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Farfan Cruela, V.
    Date: August 2021
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • North Dakota Oral Health: Pre-Kindergarten
    This infographic shows the importance of oral health in children in pre-kindergarten.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bosh, A.
    Date: August 2021
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Protect Your Baby's Teeth and Gums
    This infographic demonstrates the dos and don'ts of protecting your baby's teeth and gums.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bosh, A.
    Date: August 2021
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Evaluation of SEAL!ND: School Year 2019-2020
    This report presents results of an evaluation on the North Dakota School-based Sealant Program (SEAL!ND). The evaluation team at the Center for Rural Health surveyed participating schools, interviewed SEAL!ND team members and additional stakeholders, and reviewed all available student data collected at the time of the dental screenings.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2020
    Type: Report
  • Impact and Reach of SEAL!ND: 2019-2020 School Year
    This brief reports the reach of the North Dakota Department of Health Oral Health Program's school-based sealant program (SEAL!ND). During the 2019-2020 school year, SEAL!ND provided preventive dental care to students in 80 schools throughout North Dakota.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • North Dakota School Personnel's Experience with SEAL!ND 2019-2020 School Year
    This brief describes the results of a survey among school personnel who participated in the school-based sealant program during the 2019-2020 school year. Overall schools were very happy with the program and were looking for assistance in better promoting the program in the future through social media, e-newsletters, and text messaging.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • North Dakota School-Based Sealant Programs: 2019-2020
    This infographic presents the reach of the North Dakota Schools-Based Sealant programs during the 2019-2020 school year. It illustrates the number of children receiving various preventive dental services in schools settings throughout the state.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: December 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • North Dakota Department of Health, Oral Health Program: Year Two Evaluation Report
    This report details the results of the evaluation on work completed by the North Dakota Department of Health Oral Health Program during year two of their grant with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Activities focused on community water fluoridation, statewide oral health surveillance, and implementation of a school-based sealant program (SEAL!ND).
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: November 2020
    Type: Report
  • Brief: Evaluation of Medical-Dental Integration at the University of North Dakota Center for Family Medicine
    A brief review on the evaluation of the medical-dental integration program implemented by the North Dakota Department of Health Oral Health Program. The brief also offers a summary and recommendations for future medical-dental integration in North Dakota.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Evaluation Report: Medical-Dental Integration at the University of North Dakota Center for Family Medicine
    A full, comprehensive report on the evaluation of the medical-dental integration program implemented by the North Dakota Department of Health Oral Health Program. The report provider date on patient reach and medical resident and staff knowledge of oral health, and also offers a summary and recommendations for future medical-dental integration.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Report
  • Health Professional Shortage Area Scoring & Data Sources
    A fact sheet explaining the basic criteria and data used in scoring Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) for the primary care, mental health, and dental health disciplines.
    Project: Primary Care Office
    Author(s): North Dakota Primary Care Office
    Date: September 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Student Rotations at a Federally Qualified Health Center
    This brief provides a summary of the clinical reach of the dental student rotations and the perceptions of both the participating dental students and FQHC dental team members.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: August 2020
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Evaluation of Dental Student Rotations in North Dakota Federally Qualified Health Centers
    This report provides data on the clinical reach of this program and the perceptions of both the participating dental students and FQHC dental team members. The report presents findings from years one and two.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: August 2020
    Type: Report
  • Smiles for Life: Data Snapshot
    Smiles for Life is a comprehensive, online oral health curriculum designed to promote oral health for all age groups through high-quality educational resources. This infographic highlights the reach of Smiles for Life over the last 12 months.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Breigenzer, A., Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Pain Management in Dental Clinics, Emergency Rooms, and Primary Care Settings in North Dakota
    This fact sheet describes emergency room data and results from a survey among North Dakota dentists to better understand dental pain management, dentists' screening practices, and risk factors associated with and predictive of opioid prescribing behavior.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: June 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Medical-Dental Integration Manual
    This manual is intended for North Dakota primary care and pediatric providers interested in improving the oral health of patients by integrating a registered dental hygienist into a medical care team. The content in the manual is specific to North Dakota, particularly for topics addressing billing, contracting, rules and regulations, and scope of dental hygiene practice.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Bopp, V., Schroeder, S., Kiefer, C.
    Date: May 2020
    Type: Report
  • High Rates of Decay and Need for Dental Treatment Among American Indian and Alaska Native Kindergartners in North Dakota
    During the 2018-2019 school year, each of the 1,998 kindergartners enrolled in the 43 participating schools received a dental screening. This fact sheet describes the results of this screening and identified racial disparities.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: February 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • High Rates of Decay and Need for Dental Treatment Among Rural Kindergartners in North Dakota
    During the 2018-2019 school year, each of the 1,998 kindergartners enrolled in the 43 participating schools received a dental screening. This fact sheet describes the results of this screening and identified geographic disparities.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: February 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Medical - Dental Integration in North Dakota
    This fact sheet describes the reach, patients served, and the outcomes of a medical-dental integration model employed in the University of North Dakota's Center for Family Medicine in Bismarck. This integrated care model provides dental screenings, fluoride varnish application, dental referrals, and care coordination for patients in the primary care setting while also educating medical residents and direct care staff quarterly on the direct relationship between oral health and overall health.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: February 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Progress and Reach of the SEAL!ND Program: 2018-2019 School Year
    This fact sheet details the progress and reach of the North Dakota school-based dental sealant program through 2019.
    Project: Oral Health Research and Evaluation
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Knutson, S.
    Date: February 2020
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Rural Health Research RECAP: Healthcare Access and Status Among Rural Children
    More than half (56.6%) of all rural counties in the U.S. do not have a pediatrician, which can have a negative effect on the health status of rural children. This recap provides a summary of the research on pediatric health status, health outcomes, and access to care in rural areas.
    Project: Rural Health Research Gateway
    Author(s): Bauman, S., Schroeder, S.
    Date: August 2019
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Care Utilization and Service Needs Among American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian Elders: 2008 to 2017
    This article discusses dental care use and the services needed among American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian elders from 2008 to 2017.
    Project: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Adamsen, C., Ward, C.
    Publication: Journal of Aging and Health
    Date: September 2018
    Type: Journal Article
  • Dental Screenings and Daily Care for North Dakota Nursing Home Residents: A Promising Practice
    This fact sheet details North Dakota nursing home residents' dental status, federal and state law regarding their dental care, assessment of their dental care, and a guide for resident dental screening.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Screenings and Daily Care for Nursing Home Residents: A Promising Practice
    This fact sheet describes nursing home residents' dental status, federal law regarding their dental care, assessment of their dental care, and a guide for resident dental screening.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Evaluation of the Long Term Care Oral Health Program
    This fact sheet details assessments for long term care facilities participating in a mobile oral health program.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Fix, N.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Standardized Dental Screening for New Nursing Home Residents: A Promising Practice Guide
    This guide provides a template for nursing home administrators and dental professionals to help ensure all nursing home residents, upon admission, have dental screenings done by dental professionals.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Fix, N.
    Date: April 2018
    Type: Resource
  • Dental Coverage for Nursing Home Residents
    Examines reimbursement opportunities for dental services at long-term care facilities.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: November 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Practice Setting Influences Dentists' Attitudes toward Oral Health Access Solutions
    Examines the correlation between dentists' attitudes toward different oral health access solutions and the setting of the dental practice.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: May 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dentists' Feelings of Being Overworked Influence Attitudes toward Oral Health Access Solutions
    This fact sheet concludes that dentists who are overworked were less knowledgeable about different oral health access solutions than dentists that reported not being busy enough.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: May 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Years in Practice Influence Dentists' Attitudes toward Oral Health Access Solutions
    Analyzes the attitudes dentists have toward a variety of different oral health access solutions using a survey sent out to North Dakota dentists.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: May 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dentists' Knowledge, Support, and Participation in Proposed Dental Care Access Solutions: Results of the North Dakota Survey of Practicing Dentists
    Data Brief detailing knowledge, support, and participation of North Dakota dentists in proposed dental care access solutions. This product is complementary information to a series of fact sheets regarding oral health in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Fix, N.
    Date: April 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Sinking Her Teeth into the Research
    Shawnda Schroeder's research in oral health is making an impact in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Trelstad, K.
    Date: April 2017
    Type: Other
  • Community Health Centers Providing Dental Care to Disparate Populations in North Dakota
    This case study explores how Community Health Centers in North Dakota provide dental care to disparate populations, while also identifying opportunities to close the gap that exists in accessing oral healthcare.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Lee, J.
    Publication: American Journal of Medical Research, 4(1), 50-60
    Date: January 2017
    Type: Journal Article
  • Oral Health Among North Dakota Adults (18-64)
    Examines dental care utilization among adults ages 18 to 64 in North Dakota. Provides information on barriers to oral healthcare utilization.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: January 2017
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Oral Health Among North Dakota Elderly
    Discusses oral healthcare utilization among the elderly in North Dakota, including those in nursing homes.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: October 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Oral Health Among North Dakota Medicaid Recipients
    Examines dental care utilization among Medicaid recipients in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: October 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Oral Health Programs in North Dakota
    Policy Brief detailing current oral health initiatives in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Fix, N.
    Date: October 2016
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Educating the Oral Health Workforce in North Dakota
    Discusses the educational background and training of the oral healthcare workforce in North Dakota, and provides information on the future need for additional oral health workforce.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: September 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Expanding the Dental Team in North Dakota
    Examines the use of Dental Therapists to meet the need for oral healthcare in North Dakota. Discusses dental accreditation, policy, licensing, training, education, and reimbursement for care in North Dakota. Also provides an overview of states that have implemented dental therapy.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: September 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Social Factors Affecting Pediatric Oral Health in North Dakota
    Identifies youth in North Dakota who do and do not have the appropriate knowledge and resources necessary to practice good oral hygiene. Discusses contributing factors to overall oral health, such as consumption of soda or sugary drinks, brushing habits, and access to oral healthcare supplies.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Pediatric Oral Health Disparities in North Dakota
    Examines oral health outcomes for children in North Dakota, such as cavities and rates of tooth decay.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Fluoride Varnish Application in Primary Care Settings
    Examines the use of fluoride varnish for pediatric patients in primary care, as well as awareness of fluoride varnish as a reimbursable service in the primary care setting.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dentists Providing Oral Healthcare to Long Term Care Residents: Survey Chartbook & Four North Dakota Case Studies
    The survey was to assist in identifying providers for case study, and to identify barriers to providing care in long term care facilities.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bright, P.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Report
  • Fluoride Varnish Application Among North Dakota Family Practice Physicians & Pediatricians: 2016 Chartbook
    Pediatricians and family practice physicians in North Dakota completed a survey to examine fluoride varnish application in clinical practices.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Ahmed, A.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Report
  • Oral Healthcare Service in North Dakota Community Healthcare Centers
    Examines dental health professional shortage areas in North Dakota, and provides recommendations for increasing access to care through community health centers.
    Author(s): Lee, J., Schroeder, S.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Policy Brief
  • Post-Assessment of the Long Term Care Oral Health Program: Aggregate Report
    Comprehensive report of North Dakota Long Term Care Facilities participating in the state's LTC Oral Health Program. Discusses aggregate results, identifies program successes and failures, as well as perceptions of the program from the perspective of administrative and direct care staff.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bright, P., Fix, N.
    Date: July 2016
    Type: Report
  • Oral Healthcare in North Dakota Long Term Care Facilities
    Examines survey results of oral healthcare in long term care facilities throughout North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: June 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Dental Workforce in Rural and Urban North Dakota
    Examines dental health workforce in both rural and urban North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Date: June 2016
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • Changing Population Health Policy: A Model for Identifying Health Needs and Recommendations to Improve Health Status
    Article describes an objective assessment of the oral health environment in North Dakota as a model in identifying needs and providing policy recommendations to improve health outcomes.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S.
    Publication: Population Health Management, 19(3), 216-223
    Date: June 2016
    Type: Journal Article
  • Oral Health Services and Barriers to Care in North Dakota Long Term Care Facilities: Chartbook
    Long term care facility staff completed a survey to identify current oral health practices, and barriers to providing oral healthcare to facility residents in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Bright, P.
    Date: March 2016
    Type: Report
  • Brushing Up on Dental Care in North Dakota
    The Center for Rural Health makes recommendations based on a study of ways to improve North Dakotans' oral health.
    Author(s): Massmann, N.
    Publication: Focus on Rural Health
    Date: March 2015
    Type: Article
  • North Dakota Oral Health Report: Needs and Proposed Models, 2014
    Needs, outcomes, findings, and stakeholder recommendations from the 2014 assessment of oral health need and policy recommendations for North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Jonk, Y., Schuller, K., Hall, K., Hart, G., Gibbens, B.
    Date: December 2014
    Type: Report
  • North Dakota Oral Health Report: Needs and Proposed Models, 2014 Executive Summary
    Executive Summary for the full North Dakota Oral Health Report. Reviews the findings from the 2014 assessment of oral health in North Dakota.
    Author(s): Schroeder, S., Jonk, Y., Schuller, K., Hall, K., Hart, G., & Gibbens, B.
    Date: December 2014
    Type: Report
  • Oral Health in Native American Elderly
    The National Resource Center on Native American Aging has released a fact sheet using nationwide data from "Identifying our Needs: A Survey of Elders." Includes information on dental work needed and overall oral health indicators.
    Project: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
    Author(s): Hall, S., Stensland, P., Morin-Carter, P.
    Date: August 2014
    Type: Fact Sheet
  • North Dakota Dentists Survey Results from the Health Profession Tracking Program
    Reports results from survey of North Dakota Dentists. Covers demographics, educational background, year of graduation, primary specialty, year began practicing, marketing the practice, hours worked in direct patient care, allocation of time, employment hours of dental hygienists, practice arrangement, retirement, recruitment, utilization of the North Dakota dental association website, patient profile, new patients by specialty, and Medicaid patient activity or Medicaid patient activity by rurality.
    Author(s): Amundson, M., Moulton, P., Beyer, M., Kruger, G., Speaker, K., Zavalney, B., & Monley, K.
    Date: March 2005
    Type: Report