The Center for Rural Health undertakes research initiatives to support rural and tribal communities by:
- Identifying and describing health disparities
- Examining issues related to healthcare service delivery and systems, health workforce, and population health
- Supporting the development of research expertise
What We Can Do for You
In the area of research, we offer:
- Key research findings on a wide range of topics via presentations and publications, including fact sheets, policy briefs, reports and journal articles, related to our research.
- Information about areas we research through the key research contacts listed below.
- Opportunities to collaborate on research relating to rural and tribal health at the state, regional, and national level.
- Community-based participatory research through the National Resource Center on Native American Aging.
- Research education and mentorship through the Seven Generations Center of Excellence in Native Behavioral Health, North Dakota Master of Public Health at the University of North Dakota, the Dakota Conference on Rural and Public Health, and the American Indian Health Research Conference.
- Findings on the impact of health reform on rural communities through work conducted by the Center's Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center.
- Access to publications and projects conducted by Federal Office of Rural Health Policy-funded rural research centers via the Rural Health Research Gateway.
- Policy relevant research that is relied on by congressional offices, state legislators, state associations and other key policy makers and stakeholders.
The Center for Rural Health is home to many programs engaged in research. The Rural Health Reform Policy Research Center is one of seven CRH national programs. CRH also houses the Resource Center on Native American Aging, which works with tribes nationwide on community-based participatory research. CRH faculty conduct research on behalf of foundations, North Dakota state government agencies, and through support from a variety of federal programs. The Center's researchers have a wide network of contacts involved in rural health research across the country, as well as connections with key organizations and agencies within North Dakota. Mapping and working with large databases, including Medicare data, are particular skills of the Center's research team. The CRH is also home to the Rural Health Research Gateway, which provides access to research conducted by all of the Rural Health Research Centers throughout the nation.
We are interested in all aspects of research that relate to rural and tribal health. For general inquiries about CRH research:
- Gary Hart, PhD - Director
For inquiries about specific research topics:
- Critical Access Hospitals/Rural Health Systems – Brad Gibbens, MPA
- Emergency Medical Services (EMS) - Mandi-Leigh Peterson, MA and Shawnda Schroeder, PhD
- Geographic Definitions - Gary Hart, PhD
- Healthcare Data and Methodology – Mandi-Leigh Peterson, MA
- Health Disparities – Mandi-Leigh Peterson, MA
- Health Policy - Brad Gibbens, MPA
- Health Reform - Brad Gibbens, MPA
- Health Workforce – Gary Hart, PhD
- Mental Health - Shawnda Schroeder, PhD
- Native American Health – Jacque Gray, PhD and Collette Adamsen, MPA
- Oral Health - Shawnda Schroeder, PhD
- Program Evaluation - Ralph Renger, PhD
Most Recent Publications
- Identifying Variability in Patient Characteristics and Prevalence of Emergency Department Utilization for Mental Health Diagnoses in Rural and Urban Communities
Patients needing behavioral healthcare can get more appropriate, cost-effective treatment if they are redirected from emergency departments (EDs). This study examined whether a larger proportion of rural versus urban patients went to went to EDs.Author(s): Schroeder, S., Peterson, M.
Publication: The Journal of Rural Health
Date: October 2017
Type: Journal Article
- Home is Where the Heart Is: Insights on the Coordination and Delivery of Home Health Services in Rural America
Access to home health in rural areas is an important public policy concern, particularly with the growing number of older adults residing in rural America. This qualitative study seeks to better understand how home health services are provided in rural areas, and identifies facilitators and barriers to providing care.Author(s): Knudson, A., Anderson, B., Schueler, K., Arsen, E.
Date: August 2017
Type: Policy Brief
Use of the Emergency Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse among Women
A study by the Rural Health Reform Research Center shows that women with mental health (MH) and substance abuse (SA) issues are putting a strain on emergency departments (EDs). This study helps identify trends among women in rural and urban communities who utilize the ED for MH/SA. The information can be used to help communities provide more relevant, appropriate, and less costly care.Author(s): Schroeder, S., Peterson, M., Jaeger, J.
Date: July 2017
Type: Fact Sheet
Rural and Urban Utilization of the Emergency Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse
Utilizes data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project’s (HCUP’s) State Emergency Department Databases (SEDD) for seven states. Researchers explore, and describe in this brief, the use of the Emergency Department for mental health and substance abuse among Urban, Large Rural, Small Rural, and Isolated Small Rural residents.Author(s): Schroeder, S., Peterson, M.
Date: June 2017
Type: Policy Brief
- Oral Health among North Dakota Medicaid Recipients
Examines dental care utilization among Medicaid recipients in North Dakota.Author(s): Schroeder, S.
Date: October 2016
Type: Fact Sheet
Most Recent Presentations
- Disseminating Rural Health Research to Diverse Audiences
Presented by Schroeder, S. on Apr 07, 2016 at the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, Authors Group, Webinar
- The Maryland Global Budget Experiment: Insights from a Maryland Rural Hospital Under Total Patient Revenue
Presented by Moore, P., Knudson, A. on Feb 04, 2016 at the NRHA Policy Institute, Washington, DC
- Rural Healthy Communities: The Role of Social Determinants and Transportation
Presented by Knudson, A. on Oct 27, 2015 at the National Rural Transit Assistance Program Technical Assistance Conference, Denver, Colorado
- State of Caregiving for People with Dementia in Indian Country
Presented by Carter, P. on Oct 15, 2015 at the Inaugural National Conference on Alzheimer's disease/Dementia in Native American Communities, Scottsdale, Arizona
- Rural Public Health: Addressing Rural Inequalities and Health Disparities
Presented by Knudson, A., Meit, M. on Sep 01, 2015 at the NOSORH Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon